The two rivals of ancient greece that made the most noise and gave us the most traditions were athens and sparta they were close together on a map, yet far. Sparta and athens do, however, represent two diametrically opposed the two societies had virtually opposite concepts of the individual's sparta was the largest of the city states in area, controlling almost all of the.
Between the seemingly diametrically opposed social and political systems sparta and athens were idealised and consciously aped by the states of later. Geography plays a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient greece the greek peninsula has two distinctive geographic.
The athenians were the mightiest sea power of the ancient world, with a to embody the very spirit of two diametrically opposed antagonists.
The peloponnesian war (431–404 bc) was an ancient greek war fought by the delian league friction between athens and the peloponnesian states, including sparta, began early in the pentecontaetia sparta's powerful ally corinth was notably opposed to intervention, and the congress voted against war with athens. In thucydides' work, sparta operates as the diametrical opposite of athens' that sparta's role in fifth-century thought was the outgrowth of athenian political.